Who participates in forex market trades?
The forex market revolves around trading between countries, their currencies, and the timing of investing in specific currencies. FX trading typically occurs between countries and is usually facilitated by brokers or financial companies. Many individuals are involved in forex trading, which is similar to stock market trading but on a larger scale. While a significant portion of trading takes place between banks, governments, and brokers, there are also some trades that occur in retail settings where the average person involved in trading is known as a spectator. The forex market is influenced by financial market conditions, causing it to fluctuate daily. Millions of dollars are traded daily between major countries, including some trading in smaller countries as well.
Studies have shown that the majority of trades in the forex market are conducted between banks, known as interbank trading. Banks account for approximately 50 percent of the trading in the forex market. Therefore, if banks widely use this method to generate profits for stockholders and improve their own business, it indicates that smaller investors and fund managers can also utilize this opportunity to increase the interest paid to their accounts. Banks trade money daily to increase their holdings. Overnight, a bank may invest millions in forex markets and then make that money available to the public the next day through savings and checking accounts.
Commercial companies are also increasingly involved in forex trading. Companies such as Deutsche Bank, UBS, Citigroup, HSBC, Barclays, Merrill Lynch, JP Morgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, ABN Amro, Morgan Stanley, and others actively trade in the forex markets to enhance the wealth of their stockholders. While smaller companies may not be as extensively involved in forex markets as larger companies, the option to participate is still available to them.
Central banks, located in Tokyo, New York, and London, play a significant role in foreign markets. They control the supply of money, its availability, and interest rates. Central banks are major players in forex trading, although there are other central locations involved in this market strategy. At times, banks, commercial investors, and central banks may experience significant losses, which are then passed on to investors. Conversely, there are also times when investors and banks achieve substantial gains.